This article discusses five tips, given by Jack Miller, the Senior Customer Success Manager of Semalt, about how to keep the computer clean of any malware.
Mind the source of the program download
It is important that users do not run any programs that do not have digital signatures or sites that warn that the download source is untrustworthy. After downloading an executable file, a warning pop always shows up asking whether to run the program. However, most people tend to run the program without verifying the publisher’s legitimacy. Before running such files, the user should scan the program for viruses using an antivirus, an on-demand scanner, or pass the file through virustotal.com. For further security, run the program through virtual environments like BufferZone or Sandboxie.
Keygens, cracks, and other warez
Some of the ways through which malicious online users embed their viruses are keygens, cracks, and patches. Using them greatly increases the risk to a computer. Avoiding them in totality is the only sure way to evade infection. The reason is that there is little or no quality control on the legality of third-party source software. It is easy for an attacker to rename a virus using the name of a favorite program in a bid to lure users to download the file.
Only use trusted sources
Always stick to a reputable source of software for downloading files. It requires being aware of which are the reputable source for downloading the software and those that are not. There are certain web applications which help discern the legitimacy of a site for the user. They include the Web of Trust or Norton Safe Web. Also, before making a download, always ensure that the website confirms that the file is free of malware. Any uncertainties about the security of the site should have the user leaving the site to first research about the software they are about to download. If trusted publishers indicate that it is not a safe file, then avoid it by all means as it will prevent a malware headache.
Use common sense while browsing the web
Here, the most applicable rule is to always think twice about things that sound too good to be true. In short, not everything one finds on the internet is as apparent as it seems. The internet Web 2.0 has made it possible for anyone to publish information. It gets difficult to ascertain the intentions of a person working online. Therefore, always research the source of the information one is accessing before falling for internet tricks. There is no such thing as winning the lottery yet one did not make any attempts at it. Further, any emails or sites that promise gifts and prizes for downloading a certain file are scams and users should avoid them. The result is that scammers and hackers end up with personal information.
Always update the computer
Updates are always used to fix errors and vulnerabilities in the system. Sometimes, evolving times may find an antivirus engine becoming obsolete and not capable of protecting the computer. Ensure there is a layered system protection as malware developers also change their tactics with time. Finally, allow the user account control access as it brings up popups when there is a problem with the system.